EU Technical Reference: Water Sector Development and Governance: Complementarities and synergies between Sector-Wide Approach and Integrated Water Resource Management

The European Commission has made available a reference document from its tools and methods series entitled Water Sector Development and Governance: Complementarities and synergies between Sector-Wide Approach and Integrated Water Resource Management.

Experience and careful consideration have shown that, although additional financial efforts had to be made in order to achieve the goal of universal access, it was just as important to take into account matters such as governance. This implies considering organisational arrangements specific to each individual country towards a policy for water use and management focused on sustainable development, environmental protection and socio-economic factors.

The purpose of this document is to highlight common principles and synergies between sector-wide approach (SWAP) and Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) in order to show how these two processes can make a joint contribution to the development of the sector.

The aim is not to identify arguments in favour of one or the other approach. Nor is this paper intended to set out the European Commission’s vision and objectives for the sector. Separate guidelines also produced by Unit E7 of EuropeAid will focus on these aspects. The document is nonbinding and intended as a guidance tool for use by European Commission Delegations and other partners involved in the water sector.

Although, by definition, IWRM can involve a geographical area covering more than one country at river basin level, in practice it tends to be developed at sub-basin and national level. For its part, the sector-wide approach is a country policy. This document will therefore focus primarily on national issues. Even though issues relating to transboundary basins are not the main topic of this document, their implications at national level (particularly as regards institutional and budgetary matters) will be considered.

For both approaches (IWRM and SWAP), it may prove necessary for practical reasons to focus on sub-sectors (particular uses of water such as irrigation, sanitation, etc…) which could particularly benefit from national ownership and political support. Nevertheless, the concepts of sector-wide approach and IWRM will continue to be used in this document even in the case of sub-sectors.

After setting out the context of the water sector (Chapter 1), this paper goes on to explain the principles of IWRM and the features of the sector-wide approach (Chapter 2). Then, the merits of integrating IWRM principles when implementing a sector programme are considered (Chapter 3), with a view to combining the two be taken in the following areas: governance, mobilising financial resources, capacity building and sharing knowledge. The content of these various declarations was reproduced in the Ministerial Declaration at the 4th World Water Forum in Mexico (2006).

Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2000 establishes a framework for Community policy in the field of water, the content of which could be a source of inspiration for other regions.

Finally, Communication COM/2002/132 from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament of 12 March 2002 sets out the broad lines of the European Commission’s vision of supporting developing countries in the field of water management, as does the Council’s response (Resolution 8951/02 – May 2002). Waternet approaches with the goal of better water resource management. On the basis of this joint contribution, a number of possible ways forward are proposed in the annexes for the development and implementation of a roadmap for the sector in a particular country.

Read the entire reference document in PDF here.

Citation: Water Sector Development and Governance: Complementarities and synergies between Sector-Wide Approach and Integrated Water Resource Management, Reference Document No 7, Luxemburg: Publications Office of the European Union, 2010,  ISBN 978-92-79-14535-3, doi: 10.2783/28621

Advertisements
Comments
One Response to “EU Technical Reference: Water Sector Development and Governance: Complementarities and synergies between Sector-Wide Approach and Integrated Water Resource Management”
Trackbacks
Check out what others are saying...
  1. […] EU Technical Reference: Water Sector Development and Governance: Complementarities and Synergies Bet… […]



Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

  • Listed

    Bloglisting.net - The internets fastest growing blog directory Blog Directory Subscribe with Bloglines Environmental Activism Blogs - BlogCatalog Blog Directory Online Marketing ToplistOnToplist Analytics is brought to you by praca
    Add blog to our directory.
%d bloggers like this: