Comparative Studies on Vehicle Related Policies for Air Pollution Reduction in Ten Asian Countries

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[tweetmeme http://www.URL.com%5D Keiko Hirota of the Japan Automobile Research Institute published an interesting article titled „Comparative Studies on Vehicle Related Policies for Air Pollution Reduction in Ten Asian Countries.“  Asian countries are facing major air pollution problems due to rapid economic growth, urbanization and motorization. Mortality and respiratory diseases caused by air pollution are believed to be endemic in major cities of these countries. Regulations and standards are the first requirement for reducing emissions from both fixed and mobile sources. This paper emphasizes monitoring problems such as vehicle registration systems, inspection and maintenance (I/M) systems and fuel quality monitoring systems for vehicles in use. Monitoring problems in developing countries share similar characteristics such as a weakness in government initiatives and inadequate operation of government agencies, which results from a lack of human resources and availability of adequate facilities. Finally, this paper proposes a method to assure air quality improvements under the different shares of emission regulations in these Asian countries and introduces an example of an evaluation method based on a policy survey to improve air quality.

The introduction to this paper reads:

Asian countries are facing major air pollution problems due to rapid economic growth, urbanization and motorization. Mortality and respiratory diseases caused by air pollution are believed to be endemic in major cities of these countries. Regulations and standards are the first requirement for reducing emissions from both fixed and mobile sources. In order to reduce vehicle emissions, the respective governments of Asian countries are making efforts to introduce vehicle emission regulations for new vehicles. This paper attempts to compare the implemented policies for air pollution reduction. It emphasizes monitoring problems such as vehicle registration systems, inspection and maintenance (I/M) systems and fuel quality monitoring systems for vehicles in use. Monitoring problems in developing countries share similar characteristics such as a weakness in government initiatives and inadequate operation of government agencies, which results from a lack of human resources and availability of adequate facilities.

Finally, this paper proposes a method to assure air quality improvement under the different shares of emission regulations in these Asian countries and introduces an example of an evaluation method based on a policy survey to improve air quality. For the proposal, the database needs to improve data quality and quantity.

Read the full paper in PDF by clicking here.

Citation: Hirota, Keiko. 2010. “Comparative Studies on Vehicle Related Policies for Air Pollution Reduction in Ten Asian Countries.” Sustainability 2, no. 1: 145-162.

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